BHARGA

Lord Sadashiva is called as Bharga because he dries out the sins. This particular Bharga nature of Bhujunga-Bhushana is reckoned in the Gayatri Mantra. One who meditates upon Lord Shiva at the time of chanting of Gayatri- Mantra, Shiva parches all his sins. Maitrayani-Upanishad defines the word ‘Bharga’ as under—

भाभिर्गतिरस्य हीति भर्गः। भर्जयतीति वैष भर्ग इति रुद्रो ब्रह्मवादिनः। अथ भ इति भासयतीमांल्लोकान्, र इति रञ्जयतीमानि भूतानि, ग इति गच्छन्त्यस्यिन्नागच्छन्त्यस्मादिमाः प्रजाः, तस्माद् भरगत्वाद् भर्गः॥

One who is reaching everywhere through his light, that is called Bharga. Or Bharga is one who parches the sensual objects. ‘Bha’ means the thing which illuminates all the planets, ‘Ra’ means one who entertains all the elements, ‘Ga’ means the source and ultimate destination of everything; and Shruti gives it a combined name as Bharga. Below is the poetic explanation of Bhaskar Roy –

भर्ज्यन्ते दुरितानां सन्दोहा यदवाप्त्या। गायत्रीप्रतिपाद्यस्त्वं तस्मादसि भर्गः॥

Purport: Just by its attainment, the heaps of sins are burnt to ashes , that object is called Bharga. Shiva is called as Bharga for being the essence of Gayatri-Mantra.
Another meaning of Bharga is sun. Shiva is called Bharga because he is the direct deity of Sun-God. Actually the pious and sinful deeds bear their fruits with the help of knowledge only. Shiva is personification of knowledge. Shiva destroys the ignorance which is the prime cause of birth and death. Attainment of Shiva saves us from all sinful reactions. Keeping Shiva in mind and understanding his sin-cleansing nature is the true sense of worship of Bharga.

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